52ème JOURNÉE MONDIALE
DE LA PAIX
1er JANVIER 2019
« La bonne politique
au service de la paix »,
thème de la Journée mondiale de la paix 2019
« La responsabilité politique appartient à tout citoyen »
« La bonne politique au service de la paix »: cest le thème de la prochaine et 52e Journée mondiale de la paix, le 1er janvier 2019, et du message du pape François à cette occasion, annonce le Vatican, en italien, ce 6 novembre 2018, à quelques jours des grandes célébrations pour le centenaire de la fin de la Guerre de 14-18.
Le commentaire du Vatican insiste sur la responsabilité de chacun en politique: « La responsabilité politique appartient à tout citoyen, et en particulier à ceux qui ont reçu le mandat de protéger et de gouverner. »
Et voilà en quoi consiste cette responsabilité, qui passe par le dialogue: « Cette mission consiste à sauvegarder le droit et à encourager le dialogue entre les acteurs de la société, entre les générations et entre les cultures. »
Le commentaire insiste sur la « confiance »: « Il ny a paix sans confiance mutuelle. Et la confiance a pour première condition le respect de la parole donnée. »
Reprenant une expression de saint Paul VI, le Vatican rappelle le lien entre charité et politique et insiste sur le souci de lenvironnement et des jeunes: « Lengagement politique qui est lune des plus hautes expressions de la charité porte le souci de lavenir de la vie et de la planète, des plus jeunes et des plus petits, dans leur soif de réalisation. »
La note du Saint-Siège cite aussi saint Jean XXIII: « Quand lhomme est respecté dans ses droits comme le rappelait saint Jean XXIII dans lencyclique Pacem in Terris (1963) germe en lui le sens du devoir de respecter les droits des autres. »
La note insiste sur la communion de destin de lhumanité: « Les droits et les devoirs de lhomme augmentent la conscience dappartenir à la même communauté, avec les autres et avec Dieu (cf. ibid., 45). Nous sommes donc appelés à apporter et à annoncer le la paix comme la bonne nouvelle dun avenir où chaque être vivant sera considéré dans sa dignité et dans ses droits. »
Linvitation à sengager en politique était aussi lintention de prière du pape François en juillet 2015.
La même année, le pape François invitait les hommes et les femmes engagés en politique, surtout ceux qui sont chrétiens, à être « courageux » : parce que la politique, avait-il rappelé le 30 avril 2015 en rencontrant les Communautés de vie chrétienne, quil invitait à sengager en politique, est une sorte de « martyre quotidien : chercher le bien commun sans se laisser corrompre ».« Faire de la politique est important » et « on peut devenir saint en faisant de la politique » : cela signifie, disait le pape, « porter la croix de tous les échecs et aussi porter la croix des nombreux péchés. Parce que dans le monde, souligne le pape, il est difficile de faire le bien au milieu de la société sans se salir un peu les mains ou le cur ; mais pour cela, va demander pardon, demande pardon et continue dagir. Mais que cela ne te décourage pas » de « lutter pour une société plus juste et solidaire », ajoutait le pape François.
« Si le Seigneur tappelle à cette vocation fais de la
politique, disait encore le pape. Cela te fera souffrir, cela te fera peut-être
pécher, mais le Seigneur est avec toi. Demande pardon et va de lavant.
Mais ne laissons pas cette culture du rebut nous rejeter tous ! Elle rejette
aussi la création, parce que tous les jours la création est
davantage détruite. Noubliez pas cette parole du bienheureux
Paul VI : la politique est une des formes les plus élevées de
la charité. »
FOR THE CELEBRATION OF THE
52nd WORLD DAY OF PEACE
1st JANUARY 2019
1. "Peace be to this house!"
In sending his disciples forth on mission, Jesus told them: "Whatever house you enter, first say, 'Peace be to this house!' And if a son of peace is there, your peace shall rest upon him; but if not, it shall return to you" (Lk 10:5-6).
Bringing peace is central to the mission of Christ's disciples. That peace is offered to all those men and women who long for peace amid the tragedies and violence that mark human history.The "house" of which Jesus speaks is every family, community, country and continent, in all their diversity and history. It is first and foremost each individual person, without distinction or discrimination. But it is also our "common home": the world in which God has placed us and which we are called to care for and cultivate.
So let this be my greeting at the beginning of the New Year: "Peace be to this house!"
2. The challenge of good politics
Peace is like the hope which the poet Charles Péguy celebrated. It is like a delicate flower struggling to blossom on the stony ground of violence. We know that the thirst for power at any price leads to abuses and injustice. Politics is an essential means of building human community and institutions, but when political life is not seen as a form of service to society as a whole, it can become a means of oppression, marginalization and even destruction.
Jesus tells us that, "if anyone would be first, he must be last of all and servant of all" (Mk 9:35). In the words of Pope Paul VI, "to take politics seriously at its different levels - local, regional, national and worldwide - is to affirm the duty of each individual to acknowledge the reality and value of the freedom offered him to work at one and the same time for the good of the city, the nation and all mankind".
Political office and political responsibility thus constantly challenge those called to the service of their country to make every effort to protect those who live there and to create the conditions for a worthy and just future. If exercised with basic respect for the life, freedom and dignity of persons, political life can indeed become an outstanding form of charity.
3. Charity and human virtues: the basis of politics at the service of human rights and peace
Pope Benedict XVI noted that "every Christian is called to practise charity in a manner corresponding to his vocation and according to the degree of influence he wields in the pólis When animated by charity, commitment to the common good has greater worth than a merely secular and political stand would have Man's earthly activity, when inspired and sustained by charity, contributes to the building of the universal city of God, which is the goal of the history of the human family". This is a programme on which all politicians, whatever their culture or religion, can agree, if they wish to work together for the good of the human family and to practise those human virtues that sustain all sound political activity: justice, equality, mutual respect, sincerity, honesty, fidelity.
In this regard, it may be helpful to recall the "Beatitudes of the Politician", proposed by Vietnamese Cardinal François-Xavier Nguy?n Vãn Thu?n, a faithful witness to the Gospel who died in 2002:
Blessed be the politician with a lofty sense and deep understanding of his role.
Blessed be the politician who personally exemplifies credibility.
Blessed be the politician who works for the common good and not his or her own interest.
Blessed be the politician who remains consistent.
Blessed be the politician who works for unity.
Blessed be the politician who works to accomplish radical change.
Blessed be the politician who is capable of listening.
Blessed be the politician who is without fear.
Every election and re-election, and every stage of public life, is an opportunity to return to the original points of reference that inspire justice and law. One thing is certain: good politics is at the service of peace. It respects and promotes fundamental human rights, which are at the same time mutual obligations, enabling a bond of trust and gratitude to be forged between present and future generations.
4. Political vices
Sadly, together with its virtues, politics also has its share of vices, whether due to personal incompetence or to flaws in the system and its institutions. Clearly, these vices detract from the credibility of political life overall, as well as the authority, decisions and actions of those engaged in it. These vices, which undermine the ideal of an authentic democracy, bring disgrace to public life and threaten social harmony. We think of corruption in its varied forms: the misappropriation of public resources, the exploitation of individuals, the denial of rights, the flouting of community rules, dishonest gain, the justification of power by force or the arbitrary appeal to raison d'état and the refusal to relinquish power. To which we can add xenophobia, racism, lack of concern for the natural environment, the plundering of natural resources for the sake of quick profit and contempt for those forced into exile.
5. Good politics promotes the participation of the young and trust in others
When the exercise of political power aims only at protecting the interests of a few privileged individuals, the future is compromised and young people can be tempted to lose confidence, since they are relegated to the margins of society without the possibility of helping to build the future. But when politics concretely fosters the talents of young people and their aspirations, peace grows in their outlook and on their faces. It becomes a confident assurance that says, "I trust you and with you I believe" that we can all work together for the common good. Politics is at the service of peace if it finds expression in the recognition of the gifts and abilities of each individual. "What could be more beautiful than an outstretched hand? It was meant by God to offer and to receive. God did not want it to kill (cf. Gen 4:1ff) or to inflict suffering, but to offer care and help in life. Together with our heart and our intelligence, our hands too can become a means of dialogue".
Everyone can contribute his or her stone to help build the common home. Authentic political life, grounded in law and in frank and fair relations between individuals, experiences renewal whenever we are convinced that every woman, man and generation brings the promise of new relational, intellectual, cultural and spiritual energies. That kind of trust is never easy to achieve, because human relations are complex, especially in our own times, marked by a climate of mistrust rooted in the fear of others or of strangers, or anxiety about one's personal security. Sadly, it is also seen at the political level, in attitudes of rejection or forms of nationalism that call into question the fraternity of which our globalized world has such great need. Today more than ever, our societies need "artisans of peace" who can be messengers and authentic witnesses of God the Father, who wills the good and the happiness of the human family.
6. No to war and to the strategy of fear
A hundred years after the end of the First World War, as we remember the young people killed in those battles and the civilian populations torn apart, we are more conscious than ever of the terrible lesson taught by fratricidal wars: peace can never be reduced solely to a balance between power and fear. To threaten others is to lower them to the status of objects and to deny their dignity. This is why we state once more that an escalation of intimidation, and the uncontrolled proliferation of arms, is contrary to morality and the search for true peace. Terror exerted over those who are most vulnerable contributes to the exile of entire populations who seek a place of peace. Political addresses that tend to blame every evil on migrants and to deprive the poor of hope are unacceptable. Rather, there is a need to reaffirm that peace is based on respect for each person, whatever his or her background, on respect for the law and the common good, on respect for the environment entrusted to our care and for the richness of the moral tradition inherited from past generations.
Our thoughts turn in a particular way to all those children currently living in areas of conflict, and to all those who work to protect their lives and defend their rights. One out of every six children in our world is affected by the violence of war or its effects, even when they are not enrolled as child soldiers or held hostage by armed groups. The witness given by those who work to defend them and their dignity is most precious for the future of humanity.
7. A great project of peace
In these days, we celebrate the seventieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in the wake of the Second World War. In this context, let us also remember the observation of Pope John XXIII: "Man's awareness of his rights must inevitably lead him to the recognition of his duties. The possession of rights involves the duty of implementing those rights, for they are the expression of a man's personal dignity. And the possession of rights also involves their recognition and respect by others".
Peace, in effect, is the fruit of a great political project grounded in the mutual responsibility and interdependence of human beings. But it is also a challenge that demands to be taken up ever anew. It entails a conversion of heart and soul; it is both interior and communal; and it has three inseparable aspects:
- peace with oneself, rejecting inflexibility, anger and impatience; in the words of Saint Francis de Sales, showing "a bit of sweetness towards oneself" in order to offer "a bit of sweetness to others";
- peace with others: family members, friends, strangers, the poor and the suffering, being unafraid to encounter them and listen to what they have to say;
- peace with all creation, rediscovering the grandeur of God's gift and our individual and shared responsibility as inhabitants of this world, citizens and builders of the future.
The politics of peace, conscious of and deeply concerned for every situation of human vulnerability, can always draw inspiration from the Magnificat, the hymn that Mary, the Mother of Christ the Saviour and Queen of Peace, sang in the name of all mankind: "He has mercy on those who fear him in every generation. He has shown the strength of his arm; he has scattered the proud in their conceit. He has cast down the mighty from their thrones, and has lifted up the lowly; for he has remembered his promise of mercy, the promise he made to our fathers, to Abraham and his children for ever" (Lk 1:50-55).
From the Vatican, 8 December 2018
 Cf. Lk 2:14: "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men with whom he is pleased".
 Cf. Le Porche du mystère de la deuxième vertu, Paris, 1986.
 Apostolic Letter Octogesima Adveniens (14 May 1971), 46.
 Encyclical Letter Caritas in Veritate (29 June 2009), 7.
 Cf. Address at the "Civitas" Exhibition-Convention in Padua: "30 Giorni", no. 5, 2002.
 BENEDICT XVI, Address to the Authorities of Benin, Cotonou, 19 November 2011.
 Encyclical Letter Pacem in Terris (11 April 1963), ed. Carlen, 24.